A Review of Underwater Communication Systems
Dev Pratap Singh,  Deepak Batham
Worldwide, 71% of the earth surface is covered by water, out of this 96.5% of water holds by the oceans and seas. These much water divides a large amount of non-livable land. These territories remain unexplored due to inability of machines to map a large area and the unique phenomenal activities in the underwater region. To communicate through this much distance, we started underwater communication. In recent times, we have upgraded our technology to underwater wireless or optical communication. It is crucial in marine activities like underwater exploration, monitoring of underwater environmental activities, scientific data collection, underwater pollution control, natural disaster surveillance, and naval tactical operations for coastal security. As a result of the growing interest in exploring underwater environments for various applications, the utilization of underwater communication has become critical and challenging field to aid numerous commercial, business, and military applications. Acoustic, optical, and electromagnetic wave carriers are helpful for data transmission in the underwater environment. In this work, we review and explore the past underwater communication techniques and unravel the benefits and limitations of each.
Keywords- Communications Wireless/Wired: Communication Theory and Systems; Wireless & Mobile Communications. Optical Communication and Networking: Optical Communications. RF theory: RF & Microwave Communications.
Cite this Article
Dev Pratap Singh,  Deepak Batham,   "A Review of Underwater Communication Systems"
, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.10, Issue 2, pp.100-104, May 2022, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR2202017.pdf